geography for ias

About The Course


Geography optional syllabus can be broadly divided into three parts. It constitutes Physical Geography, Human Geography and Indian Geography. Paper I consists of physical and human geography and Paper II consists of Indian geography.

Physical geography 
section is quite technical and scoring. People from technical background, say, mechanical and civil engineering find it interesting. There is no need to memorize facts and figure (except some theories). Everything is lucid and can be mastered easily. Students from humanity finds it little bit difficult.

                           Human Geography                        section requires lots of memory work. One has to remember the facts related to population, names of geographers, their books (if possible, the year in which book was published), their concepts and much more

                           Indian Geography                       scoring paper. One has answer the map based question for 20 marks. The question in this paper are general in nature, like those in GS papers. One has to link the answers with paper, the foundation of geography.One has to use concepts, terminologies, facts, geographers from paper one.

history for ias

About The Course


Most aspirants opt for history as an optional because its easy to start with. However, approaching history as an optional requires a very technical and objective approach. Student have to focus on understanding various perspectives on historiography, themes and archaeological and literary sources, rather than focussing on chronological details.

Ancient India
Ancient Indian History Covers  the Prehistoric Settlements and Socities in the Indian Subcontinent. The History of India begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization, more precisely known as Harappan Civilization.

                           Medieval India                                  Medieval Period of History is about the  period between ancient and modern history. The Medieval period of India  covers the centuries between the end of the last great ancient empire of Gupta, and the rise of the great Mughal empire, in the 16th century. 

                         Modern India                      Modern India is also a test of two middle-ground philosophies. As an early proponent , India has attempted to establish a position between Western and oriented states. Over the years, its leadership in carving out a Third World posture demonstrated that there is a viable route for nations who did not want to take sides in Cold War politics, 

political science for ias

About The Course


Political science is one of the optional subjects offered by the UPSC in the mains exam. It is a popular optional subject and one that many toppers have taken. Some people say that the UPSC syllabus for this optional is very vast and they desist from taking political science as the optional subject. However, there are many benefits of taking political science and international relations as the IAS optional subject.

Inherent advantages of taking political science and international relations optional in UPSC mains exam:

Indian polity is a crucial segment of the UPSC Prelims syllabus.

If you take political science as your optional subject, you will study for this optional along with the prelims section thus saving time for other topics. This way you can integrate the UPSC prelims and mains preparation.

Even if you don’t have political science as your background, you can easily comprehend and study this subject as it is not too technical. The concepts are general and anyone who reads newspapers on a regular basis would be able to understand and prepare for it.

In the new revised syllabus, the factual parts have been omitted thus an understanding of the concepts is only required to write better answers in this paper.

The notion that the syllabus for political science is vast is only partially true. In fact, a lot of the topics are repeated like Marxism, Marx, Marxist notions of state, Gramsci, etc.

Many topics are interrelated like thoughts of Mill, Bentham and Liberal notions of state, justice and democracy and so on.

Various Payment Methods

Bank Transfer


Bank Name   HDFC Bank

A/C Name   Ojaank Foundation Private Limited

A/C No.   50200027418412

A/C Type   Current Account

IFSC Code   HDFC0000609




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